Kazan Russia History
Kazan is located in southwest Russia and is a city with a thousand years of history, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Russian Empire and regained its position as the capital of the Far East and as an important trading centre.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazan was reestablished as a republic and became the capital of the Tatar Autonomous Republic of Russia, the largest of its kind in the world. The republic regained the Soviet cultural heritage in which it was repressed in the 1990s and 2000s, cementing it in Russia as a "Tatar cultural nucleus."
In 1922 Kazan became the capital of the autonomous republic, which had a rocky road in the Soviet era.
The city competed to become Russia's third capital after Moscow and St. Petersburg, trying to position itself as the Russia of the past and Russia of the present. Kazan and Kazan were declared the "third capital of Russia" after Moscow and St Petersburg. Both cities competed for the title of Russia's "Third Capital," with the city competing with Moscow / St. Petersburg for its status as "Russia's Second Capital," and both adopted the globalized taste for careful urban planning.
In 1991, the Republic of Tatarstan was founded, with Kazan considered an autonomous Soviet state. In 1992, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, this region was renamed the Republic of Tataristan and was one of the few Russian regions to elect its own president.
Kazan's independence aspirations, however, were thwarted by Minin, a merchant from Nizhny Novgorod who had defended Russia against Poland in the early 17th century. Vasily III's last war with Kazan came after he had been insulted by the Russian ambassador in Kazen and a new war broke out between Russian and Kazanism. He remains one of the most important military commanders of Russia and the founder of the Republic of Tatarstan.
In the spring of 1445, the Kazan Tatars even captured Grand Duke Vasily II of Moscow, and the Russians were forced to pay a large ransom to their Grand Duke and sign a treaty that benefited the Kazan Khanate. In 1545 Ivan annexed the khanates of Astrakhan, which were located further south and east, forming the entire Volga (Russian river) and giving Moscow control over most of its territory in the north - east and south - in the west. In the early 1530s Kazen was founded as the capital of a new state of Tatarstan under the leadership of Sahgali, but this was completely controlled by Moscow, which made him unpopular in Kazan and led to his removal in 1521 by a nobleman who had formed an alliance with Mehmed I, a Turkmen nobleman with a history of hostility to Russia. The occupation of this city by the troops of Ivan The terrible thing was finally stopped in 1552 by his son-in-law, Mikhail the Great.
The former relations that the Russians had established with the Golden Horde were protected by the Kazan Tatars and passed on to the Kazans of the Khanate and their people, as well as to Russia.
Even the Kremlin, in the heart of Kazan, is mainly considered the seat of the government of the Soviet republic.
This enabled the Tatar government to regain its power and respect in Moscow by winning the support of ordinary Tatars. The Kremlin in Kazan has been a piece of Russian architecture since 2005, when the new Kul Sharif mosque was completed. The Qol Sarif Mosque was built on the site of the first Kremlin building in the former Soviet Union and was the first mosque to open in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In 2008, Kazanis celebrated their millennium by inaugurating Russia's largest mosque, the Qolsharif, in the Kremlin and returning to the city a sacred copy of the Mother of God from Kaz.
Kazan's fascinating history dates back to the Middle Ages, when Ivan the Terrible declared war on what is now the Tatarstan region, where Kazan is the capital. In the years 1437 - 1438 it was conquered by the deposed khans of the Golden Horde, who founded the Kazen-Khanate Kaz as their capital. The historic citadel is surrounded by two mosques, the Qolsharif Mosque and the Kul Sharif Mosque, both located in the city centre.
Kazan became the capital of the powerful Kazan khanate after being destroyed by the Golden Horde in 1438 and became so during its collapse in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. Kazen Khanate Kaz became a city of Tatarstan, a part of Russia, from 1437 - 1440, at the end of the reign of Ivan the Terrible, until the collapse of his empire in 1521. During the collapse of the Golden Horde, Kazan became the capital of the Kaza khanate from 1523 to 1526 and then for a short time as a city-state.